On July 19, 1936 the Fascist general, Francisco Franco, lead the Spanish army
in an attempted coup d'etat against the republic established two years
previously. In one half of Spain, his revolt was successful and an authoritarian
regime was established, mirroring many aspects of similar authoritarian regimes
in Germany and Italy, including a mystical "blood and soil" philosophy and the
raised open-palm salute synonymous with Adolf Hitler and Nazism.
In the half of Spain where the rising was unsuccessul - that is to say,
the half where Franco's forces were crushed by the popular organisations,
most conspicuous of which being the anarcho-syndicalist CNT and anarchist
FAI - a vacuum of power came into being. Rather than being immediately
reestablished, the collapse of the institutions of the state paved the way
for one of the first major experiments in human history of workers'
self-management of production, bossless, leaderless organisation in the
workplace and community. Thus, in the midst of the Spanish Civil War, the
Spanish Revolution was born.
After the Revolution - by Diego Abad de Santiallan,
theoretical text written by Spanish author in the leadup to the Civil War,
discussing ways in which production, distribution and consumption could be
organised according to anarcho-syndicalist principles.
Anarchists in the Spanish Revolution - by Jose Pierats.
Collectives in the Spanish Revolution - by Gaston Leval,
French Anarchist who travelled to Spain during the revolution to document
The Tragedy of Spain - by Rudolf Rocker.
An Overview of the Spanish Libertarian Movement - by Murray
Bookchin, discusses the development of the Spanish Anarchist and
Anarcho-Syndicalist movement and what happened during the Civil War.
Workers Power and the Spanish Revolution - by Tom Wetzel, a
reply to Trotskyist arguments against the behaviour of the Spanish
anarchists during the Civil War.
With the Peasants of Aragon - by Augustin Souchy,
description of the anarchist collectives by a former secretary of the
International Workers' Association.
Photos from the Spanish Civil War and Revolution
Posters from the Spanish Civil War and Revolution
Anarchism in the Spanish Revolution of 1936 - Excellent
site documenting the historical, social and military aspects of the
Spanish Civil War and Revolution, created as part of the Revolt
The Bilbao Armoured Car
Barcelona, 1936, from Homage to Catalonia, by George
War Index at Directory Spain, massive list of links to information
Civil War - History by Topic Resources at Google
Civil War - Histor by Region Resources at Google
Anarchist History Resources at Google
Durruti Resources at Google
Military History, Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War - Encyclopaedia Britannica
South Wales Coalfield Collection, Welsh volunteers in the
Gauntlet, Spanish Civil War
Civil War at typicallyspanish.com, Spain and Spanish Search
Spanish Civil War
Civil War links from the Normandy Scholars Program at UT Knoxville
Civil War & Wound Badges
Italian Intervention in the Spanish Civil War
- The Spanish Civil War: Anarchism in Action, pamphlet from
the Workers Solidarity Movement in Ireland
THE SPANISH REVOLUTION & CIVIL WAR 1936-1939